I have been doing some research into the world of squatting and deadlifting and I have come to the conclusion that both are equally as effective for gaining strength if implemented properly. Several articles I have come across are biased either one way or the other. The avid supporters of the squat support it because of the following reasons.
- Greater range of motion because the hips can drop below the hips
- Works the anterior chain leg muscles very well
- Good for lower back strengthening
- It is hard on the knees
- Strains the lower back
- Can cause spinal compression
- Less strain on spine due to a larger recruitment of muscle groups
- Works posterior leg muscles better, which is more important for explosiveness
- Easy on the knees and lower back
- More natural movement than squatting
- Inability to attain the same range of motion as a full squat
- Less explosive with the hips
- need a lot of grip strength to lift heavy
It all comes to choice in the end and choosing which one better fits your situation is what it all comes down to. If you have knee pain, deadlifts are just as good for leg strength in my opinion. If you are short and have have small levers, the squat will benefit you more because the range of motion you can attain with the squat will far outweigh the deadlift. Do what fits your goals and body.
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